Tag Archives: public health

The Public Health Impact of Global Environmental Problems and the Role of International Law

Author(s)

Sumudu Atapattu

Keywords

environment degradation, public health, international law, human right to health, global warming

Abstract

Discusses the impact of global environmental degradation on public health. Role of international law in relation to the public health impact of global environmental problems; Human right to health; Depletion of the ozone layer; Global warming.

Citation

(2004) 30 American Journal of Law and Medicine 283.

Paper

The Public Health Impact of Global Environmental Problems and the Role of International Law

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A Moral Imperative: The Human Rights Implications of Climate Change (S. C. Aminzadeh)

Author

Sara C. Aminzadeh

Keywords

climate change, environment, human rights, social rights, food security, public health, livelihoods

Abstract

Climate change is increasingly identified as one of the major crises facing the international community in the 21st century. Even conservative forecasts predict dramatic effects to environments, economies, and people around the world. Although climate change is already understood as an environmental problem, and increasingly as an economic one,  the social and human rights implications of climate change are given little discussion. Yet climate change threatens food security, public health, property, and the livelihoods and lives of members of affected communities. Like other environmental issues, climate change threatens the human rights of those living in affected communities.

The ultimate goal of climate change advocacy is to encourage nations to scale back their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to a point where GHG concentrations in the atmosphere stabilize and then decrease to a level that prevents dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. However, the sheer size of the problem and the cost of mitigation have forestalled meaningful engagement and cooperation on the issue. Lawyers and environmental advocates have begun to use litigation and other legal avenues as a way to forge progress. One particularly innovative example is a team of lawyers who recently used a human rights approach to climate change in a petition filed on behalf of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference in the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR). 

This note aims to continue the discourse prompted by the Inuit Petition and explore related issues on climate change and human rights…

Citation

(2007) 30 Hastings International and Comparative Law Review 231.

Paper

A Moral Imperative: The Human Rights Implications of Climate
Change

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Defending the Environment: Civil Society Strategies to Enforce International Environmental Law (L.A. Malone and S. Pasternack)

Author(s)

Linda A. Malone and Scott Pasternack

Keywords

environmental protection, public health, environmental law, policy, international law, politics, civil society, law enforcement

Abstract

Defending the Environment promotes the use and awareness of several different international, regional, and domestic strategies designed to safeguard the environment and public health.

The text emphasizes practice as well as theory; unlike works devoted exclusively to theoretical aspects of international environmental law and policy, the authors provide the what, how, when, where, and why for resolving environmental and public health problems in front of international courts, tribunals, commissions, committees, secretariats, and, at times, their domestic counterparts.

This is an indispensible handbook for anyone who needs to be aware of the important legal and political strategies made available to them by various instruments of international law.

Citation

Linda A. Malone and Scott Pasternack, Defending the Environment: Civil Society Strategies to Enforce International Environmental Law (Transnational Publishers, 2004)

Book

Defending the Environment: Civil Society Strategies to Enforce International Environmental Law

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The legal basis for control of imports of animal & plant material into the UK (R. Black)

Author

Robert Black

Keywords

Environment, Animal products, Animals, Environmental protection, Food safety, Import controls, Plants, Public health

Abstract

Discusses international standards in animal and plant health and food safety and UK and EC legislation on animal and plant health. Considers the implementation of Council Directive 93/77 in the UK and regulatory innovations in plant health including plant passports and protected zones. Examines WTO measures for the protection of plant and animal health and the environment. Reviews priorities, strategies and resources in plant health, concessions for travellers, transgenic crop varieties and the integration of agriculture, environment and food safety.

Citation

(2003) 5(3) Environmental Law Review 179-192

Paper

The legal basis for control of imports of animal and plant material into the United Kingdom

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European Committee of Social Rights: the right to a healthy environment (M. Trilsch)

Author

Mirja Trilsch

Keywords

Air pollution, Greece, health hazards, positive obligations, public health, state liability, human rights, healthy environment.

Abstract

Discusses the European Committee of Social Rights decision in Marangopoulos Foundation for Human Rights (MFHR) v Greece (30/2005) on whether Greece had failed to comply with its positive obligations under the European Social Charter 1961 art.11, guaranteeing the right to health, by taking insufficient measures to guard against public health risks from air pollution caused by lignite mining operations. Considers whether a right to a healthy environment is embodied within the right to health. Assesses whether the state could be held accountable for the activities of private mining companies.

Citation

(2009) 7(3) International Journal of Constitutional Law, 529-538.

Paper

European Committee of Social Rights: the right to a healthy environment.

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