Tag Archives: ipcc

Climate Change, Human Rights, and Forced Migration: Implications for International Law (S. Atapattu)

Author(s)

Sumudu Atapattu

Keywords

climate change, forced migration, human development, IPCC, greenhouse gas emissions, international law, human rights

Introduction

“Climate change has been identified as the “defining human development issue of our generation” and possibly the “biggest humanitarian and economic challenge that the developing world will have to face in the coming decades.” The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recognized unequivocally in its 4th report that global greenhouse gas emissions due to human activities have contributed to the warming of the Earth’s surface, ending years of debate on whether this is a human-made phenomenon or a natural one. […]”

Citation

(2009) 27 Wisconsin International Law Journal 607.

Paper

Climate Change, Human Rights, and Forced Migration: Implications for International Law

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Are we adapting to climate change? (L.Berrang-Ford, et al)

Author(s)

Lea Berrang-Ford, James D. Ford and Jaclyn Paterson (McGill University)

Keywords

Climate change; Global adaptation; Systematic review; Indicators; Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC

Abstract

Human systems will have to adapt to climate change. Understanding of the magnitude of the adaptation challenge at a global scale, however, is incomplete, constrained by a limited understanding of if and how adaptation is taking place. Here we develop and apply a methodology to track and characterize adaptation action; we apply these methods to the peer-reviewed, English-language literature. Our results challenge a number of common assumptions about adaptation while supporting others: (1) Considerable research on adaptation has been conducted yet the majority of studies report on vulnerability assessments and natural systems (or intentions to act), not adaptation actions. (2) Climate change is rarely the sole or primary motivator for adaptation action. (3) Extreme events are important adaptation stimuli across regions. (4) Proactive adaptation is the most commonly reported adaptive response, particularly in developed nations. (5) Adaptation action is more frequently reported in developed nations, with middle income countries underrepresented and low-income regions dominated by reports from a small number of countries. (6) There is limited reporting on adaptations being developed to take advantage of climate change or focusing on women, elderly, or children.

Citation

(2011) 21(1) Global Environmental Change 25-33

Paper

Are we adapting to climate change?

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