Tag Archives: economics

Payment for ‘ecosystem services’ and the ‘green economy’: green-washing or something new? (K. Wilkinson)

Author

Kate Wilkinson

Keywords

ecofeminism, green economy, payment for ecosystem services, ecosystems, environment, capitalism, free market, economics, REDDES, REDD+, UNFCCC, ITTO, forests, natural resources, gender, participation

Abstract

Using an ecofeminist critical analysis, this paper examines the extent to which two forest-related ‘payments for ecosystem services’ (PES) schemes maintain a mainstream anti-nature and exploitative conceptualization of human/nature relationships. It does so by integrating various ecofeminist themes to analyse the two PES schemes and to assess the extent to which they can protect women and nature while marketizing and commodifying the environment. The author examines the justifications for integrating PES into a green economy, including the proposed benefits resulting from the implementation of PES, and safeguards ensuring the inclusion and participation of local communities. The author concludes that an ecofeminist examination highlights the inherently exploitative nature of PES and its continuation of the currently exploitative free market paradigm.

Citation

(2014) 5/2 Journal of Human Rights and the Environment 168-191

Paper

Payment for ‘ecosystem services’ and the ‘green economy’: green-washing or something new?

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Green Governance: Ecological Survival, Human Rights, and the Law of the Commons (B. Weston and D. Bollier)

Author

Burns H. Weston and David Bollier

Keywords

sustainability, ecosystems, environmental protection, economics, national sovereignty, international law, green governance, paradigm shift, human rights, public policy

Abstract

The vast majority of the world’s scientists agree: we have reached a point in history where we are in grave danger of destroying Earth’s life-sustaining capacity. But our attempts to protect natural ecosystems are increasingly ineffective because our very conception of the problem is limited; we treat “the environment” as its own separate realm, taking for granted prevailing but outmoded conceptions of economics, national sovereignty, and international law. Green Governance is a direct response to the mounting calls for a paradigm shift in the way humans relate to the natural environment. It opens the door to a new set of solutions by proposing a compelling new synthesis of environmental protection based on broader notions of economics and human rights and on commons-based governance. Going beyond speculative abstractions, the book proposes a new architecture of environmental law and public policy that is as practical as it is theoretically sound.

Citation

Burns H. Weston and David Bollier, Green Governance: Ecological Survival, Human Rights, and the Law of the Commons (Cambridge University Press, 2013)

Book

Green Governance: Ecological Survival, Human Rights, and the Law of the Commons

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Sustainable development: an evolutionary economic approach (P. van Griethuysen)

Author

Pascal van Griethuysen

Keywords

Sustainable development, economics, socio-environmental dynamics.

Abstract

In this paper, it is argued that the view of the economic sphere as a closed system cannot appropriately deal with the issue of sustainable development. Evolutionary economics is then presented as a fruitful alternative to apprehend the interactions between the economic, the human and the natural spheres. This emerging field offers both a firm theoretical basis (based upon recent developments in physics, biology, dynamic systems theory and the sciences of complexity) and practical, pragmatic answers to the implementation of a sustainable path of development. This is further illustrated with the presentation of the evolutionary logic of a multi-level common regime. Such a regime could be an institutional counterpart of social and environmental dynamics.

Citation

(2002) 10(1) Sustainable Development, 1-11.

Paper

Sustainable development: an evolutionary economic approach.

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Energy, economic development, the environment and effective global governance…(A. Adaralegbe)

Author

Adebayo Adaralegbe

Keywords

Global governance; economic development; environmental degradation; energy

Abstract

Looks at the impact of global governance on the balance between economic development and environmental degradation through hydrocarbon energy policy. Examines the relationship between the economic system and the environment, and the divergent opinions of orthodox economists and ecological economists. Lists global governance instruments and assesses the effectiveness of global governance.

Citation

(2005) 8 International Energy Law & Taxation Review 185-192

Paper

Energy, economic development, the environment and effective global governance: an introduction

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Global Carbon Market: Opportunities for Sub-Saharan Africa in Agriculture and Forestry (E. Bryan, et al)

Author(s)

Elizabeth Bryan, Wisdom Akpalu, Mahmud Yesuf, Claudia Ringler

Keywords

Carbon market, clean development mechanism, climate change, mitigation, sub-Saharan Africa

Abstract

Developing countries, particularly those in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), remain marginalized in global carbon markets despite significant mitigation opportunities in agriculture and forestry. The economic potential for mitigation through agriculture in the African region is estimated at 17 per cent of the total global mitigation potential for the sector. Similarly, Africa’s forestry potential is 23 per cent of the global total for the sector. To unleash the huge potential for mitigation in SSA, carbon markets should be expanded to include projects related to agriculture, forestry and other land uses (AFOLU). Given the important synergies between agricultural mitigation and adaptation, and the difficulties in reaching out to smallholder farmers and herders, as well as the increasing poverty and hunger in the region, this article suggests that not only should carbon markets be expanded to include more AFOLU project types, but carbon markets should also increase benefits directed at smallholder farmers. Domestic policies in SSA should also be reformed to increase the profitability of environmentally sustainable practices that generate income for small producers and create investment flows for rural communities. This review paper provides an overview of global carbon markets, focusing on opportunities for carbon trading in agriculture in SSA. Major constraints to the participation of SSA in global carbon markets are discussed, and options for integrating the region into global carbon markets are proposed.

Citation

(2010) 4 Climate and Development 309

Paper

Global Carbon Market: Opportunities for sub-Saharan Africa in Agriculture and Forestry

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