Fuelling War: Natural Resources and Armed Conflicts (P. Le Billon)

Author Philippe Le Billon Keywords Natural resources; economic development; social development; resource wealth; curse; resource exploitation; vulnerability; of resource-dependent countries Abstract A generous endowment of natural resources should favour rapid economic and social development. The experience of countries like Angola and Iraq, however, suggests that resource wealth often proves a curse rather than a blessing. […]

The political ecology of war: natural resources and armed conflicts (P. Le Billon)

Author Philippe Le Billon Keywords Armed conflict; Dependence; Natural resources; Political ecology; War Abstract Throughout the 1990s, many armed groups have relied on revenues from natural resources such as oil, timber, or gems to substitute for dwindling Cold War sponsorship. Resources not only financed, but in some cases motivated conflicts, and shaped strategies of power […]