Category Archives: Fracking

Open letter from UK academics: The harsh sentencing of anti-fracking campaigners sets a dangerous precedent

[This letter was originally titled ‘Open letter from University of Sussex academics: The harsh sentencing of anti-fracking campaigners sets a dangerous precedent’. Although signers from other organisations have always been welcome, given the overwhelming support, we have officially opened it up to academics from across the country (and international allies) who wish to express their concern. The full letter including the list of signatories can be found here.]

We the undersigned are writing to express our growing concern about the shrinking space for communities and environmental defenders to engage in civil opposition to fracking developments in the UK.

This week three non-violent campaigners opposing fracking were jailed for 15 to 16 months simply for ‘causing a public nuisance’ and for not expressing regret. Although others have received jail sentences in more recent times, this is the first time since 1932 that environmental defenders have been imprisoned for such long periods of time for staging a protest in the UK. It is also the first time ever that activists have been jailed for anti-fracking actions.

With fracking companies increasingly granted civil injunctions to prevent protest, the scope of protest is becoming more and more restricted, representing a threat to fundamental rights to freedom of expression and assembly.

Fracking is controversial in the UK. According to government surveys conducted in 2017, only 16% of people support fracking development. Given the grave environmental consequences of hydraulic fracturing and growing concerns about climate change, this is not surprising.

The ruling sets a worrying precedent, curtailing opportunities for the kind of public protests that have historically been effective in instituting the legal and policy changes that defend our environment for our future generations. We need more, not less, space for action to confront unsustainable industrial practices that harm our communities and perpetuate our reliance on fossil fuels.

We oppose this absurdly harsh sentence and join calls for an inquiry into the declining space for civil society protest that it represents.

More information is available at the supporters’ web site at http://frackfreefoursupporters.org/

RECENT MEDIA COVERAGE

The Independent UK:
Anti-fracking activists jailed for ‘causing a public nuisance’ during four-day protest https://ind.pn/2OAa18F

Fracking protesters’ ‘absurdly harsh’ jail sentences sparks calls for judicial review backed by hundreds of scientists https://ind.pn/2OylGEY

The Guardian:
Four anti-fracking activists face prison over protest http://bit.ly/2Ox9pQQ

You can sign the letter here: 

https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScmXGgV93AycjcfbWmWBQ_7eYxbI69n5PIQhM_0B9kF1qMSaA/viewform

Featured image: geography.org.uk

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PPT Session on Human Rights, Fracking, and Climate Change

Spring Creek Project at Oregon State University will co-host the Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal Session on Human Rights, Fracking, and Climate Change from May 14 to 18, 2018.

The panel of judges of the Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal will be asked to provide an advisory opinion on four central questions:

  1. Under what circumstances do fracking and other unconventional oil and gas extraction techniques breach human rights protected by international law as a matter of treaty or custom?
  2. Under what circumstances do fracking and other unconventional oil and gas extraction techniques warrant the issuance of either provisional measures, a judgment enjoining further activity, remediation relief, or damages for causing environmental harm?
  3. What is the extent of responsibility and liability of States and non-State actors for violations of human rights and for environmental and climate harm caused by these oil and gas extraction techniques?
  4. What is the extent of responsibility and liability of States and non-State actors, both legal and moral, for violations of the rights of nature related to environmental and climate harm caused by these unconventional oil and gas extraction techniques?

For the first time this session of the Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal will be hosted completely online.  Attorneys and witnesses will convene via Zoom web conferencing software each day to present evidence and testimony to the panel of the judges of the Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal.

The proceedings will be streamed on the Spring Creek Project Facebook page and in the OSU Student Experience Center. A full schedule of daily Tribunal proceedings will be available soon, on the Spring Creek Project websiteand on tribunalonfracking.org

More: http://permanentpeoplestribunal.org/may-14-18-2018-ppt-session-on-human-rights-fracking-and-climate-change/?lang=en

14-18 de Mayo: Sesión del Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos sobre Derechos humanos, fracking y cambio climático

El Proyecto Spring Creek en la Universidad Estatal de Oregón será coanfitrión de la sesión del Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos sobre Derechos Humanos, Fracking y Cambio Climático desde el 14 hasta el 18 de mayo de 2018.

Se pedirá al panel de jueces del Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos que brinde una Opinión consultiva sobre cuatro preguntas centrales:

  1. ¿Bajo qué circunstancias el fracking y otras técnicas de extracción de petróleo y gas no convencionales violan los derechos humanos protegidos por el derecho internacional?
  2. ¿En qué circunstancias el fracking y otras técnicas de extracción de petróleo y gas no convencionales justifican la emisión de medidas provisionales, un juicio que ordena nuevas actividades, medidas correctivas o daños por causar daño ambiental?
  3. ¿Cuál es el alcance de la responsabilidad y la responsabilidad de los Estados y los agentes no estatales por las violaciones de los derechos humanos y por los daños ambientales y climáticos causados por estas técnicas de extracción de petróleo y gas?
  4. ¿Cuál es el alcance de la responsabilidad y la responsabilidad de los Estados y actores no estatales, tanto legales como morales, por violaciones de los derechos de la naturaleza relacionados con el daño ambiental y climático causado por estas técnicas de extracción de petróleo y gas no convencionales?

Por primera vez, esta sesión del Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos será realizada completamente en internet. Los abogados y testigos se reunirán a través del software de conferencia web Zoom todos los días para presentar evidencias y testimonios ante el panel de jueces del Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos.

El procedimiento se transmitirá en el Spring Creek Project Facebook page y en el OSU Student Experience Center. El programa completo de los procedimientos diarios del Tribunal estará disponible en: Spring Creek Project website y tribunalonfracking.org

15-18 maggio 2018: Sessione su Diritti umani, fracking e cambiamento climatico

La Sessione del Tribunale Permanente dei Popoli su Diritti umani, fracking e cambiamento climatico sarà ospitata dallo Spring Creek Project dell’Oregon State University e si terrà dal 14 al 18 maggio 2018.

giudici nominati dal Tribunale sono chiamati a valutare:

  1. In quali circostanze il fracking e altre tecniche non convenzionali di estrazione del petrolio e del gas violano i diritti umani tutelati dal diritto internazionale?
  2. In quali circostanze il fracking e altre tecniche non convenzionali di estrazione del petrolio e del gas determinano o misure provvisorie, una valutazione che impone ulteriori controlli, interventi di risanamento o rischi ambientali?
  3. Qual è l’entità della responsabilità degli Stati e degli attori non statali per le violazioni dei diritti umani e per i danni ambientali e climatici causati da queste tecniche di estrazione del petrolio e del gas?
  4. Qual è l’entità della della responsabilità degli Stati e degli attori non statali, sia legale che morale, per le violazioni dei diritti della natura connessi ai danni ambientali e climatici causati da queste tecniche non convenzionali di estrazione del petrolio e del gas?

La Sessione del Tribunale Permanente dei Popoli sarà realizzata utilizzando il software zoom, una piattaforma di videoconferenza online che permetterà ad esperti e testimoni di presentare analisi e casi ai giudici del Tribunale. Il live streaming sarà disponibile sulla pagina di Facebook dello Spring Creek Project e presso l’OSU Student Experience Center. Il programma della Sessione sarà presto consultabile nei seguenti siti: Spring Creek Project website e tribunalonfracking.org

Maggiori informazioni: http://permanentpeoplestribunal.org/15-18-maggio-2018-sessione-su-diritti-umani-fracking-e-cambiamento-climatico/

Feature image: Dina Townsend

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A Human Rights Assessment of Hydraulic Fracturing (EHRA)

Author

Environment and Human Rights Advisory

Keywords

Fracking, Hydraulic Fracturing, Human Rights, New York City

Abstract

This report assesses the human rights impacts of hydraulic fracturing

Citation

Report, Environment and Human Rights Advisory, 2011.

Publication

A Human Rights Assessment of Hydraulic Fracturing

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A Human Rights Assessment of Hydraulic Fracturing in the UK (Grear, Grant, Kerns , Morrow and Short)

Author(s)

Anna Grear, Evadne Grant, Dr Tom Kerns, Professor Karen Morrow and Dr Damien Short

Keywords

human rights, fracking, environment, United Kingdom, report, unconventional gas development, oil and gas extraction

Abstract

This Report argues that the UK Government has a clear and urgent duty to fully investigate the human rights implications of fracking before authorising any exploratory or extractive fracking operations in the UK. It strongly recommends a moratorium on the conduct of fracking operations until such a time as a full, industry-independent, publicly funded Human Rights Impact Assessment has been properly undertaken and placed in the public domain.

Citation

GNHRE Report: A Human Rights Assessment of Hydraulic Fracturing in the UK, 2014.

Report

A Human Rights Assessment of Hydraulic Fracturing in the UK

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