Category Archives: Consumerism

GM food labelling rules undermined by lack of reliable tests (Report)

Keywords

Consumer law, EC law, Food, Genetically modified organisms, Labelling

Abstract

Problems with enforcement of 1999 Regulations bringing EC Regulation into force due to lack of standard threshold for traces of GM contamination of non GM foods and lack of standard test for detecting GM material.

Citation

(1999) 290 ENDS Report 49-50

Report

GM food labelling rules undermined by lack of reliable tests

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Prosperity without Growth: Economics for a Finite Planet (T. Jackson)

Author

Tim Jackson

Keywords

Economic growth; prosperity and well-being; global population; sustainability; developed nations; environmental impact of economic activity

Abstract

* With a new Foreword by HRH The Prince of Wales * 10% of proceeds from the sales of this book will be donated to rainforest protection. * Is more economic growth the solution? Will it deliver prosperity and well-being for a global population projected to reach nine billion? In this explosive book, Tim Jackson – a top sustainability adviser to the UK government – makes a compelling case against continued economic growth in developed nations. No one denies that development is essential for poorer nations. But in the advanced economies there is mounting evidence that ever-increasing consumption adds little to human happiness and may even impede it. More urgently, it is now clear that the ecosystems that sustain our economies are collapsing under the impacts of rising consumption. Unless we can radically lower the environmental impact of economic activity – and there is no evidence to suggest that we can – we will have to devise a path to prosperity that does not rely on continued growth. Economic heresy? Or an opportunity to improve the sources of well-being, creativity and lasting prosperity that lie outside the realm of the market? Tim Jackson provides a credible vision of how human society can flourish – within the ecological limits of a finite planet. Fulfilling this vision is simply the most urgent task of our times. This book is a substantially revised and updated version of Jackson ‘s controversial study for the Sustainable Development Commission, an advisory body to the UK Government. The study rapidly became the most downloaded report in the Commission’s nine year history when it was launched earlier this year. You can read more reviews and watch Tim Jackson’s recent TEDGlobal talk at www.earthscan.co.uk/pwg

Citation

Tim Jackson, Prosperity without Growth: Economics for a Finite Planet (Earthscan, 2011)

Book

Prosperity without Growth: Economics for a Finite Planet

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Green is Good: Sustainability, Profitability, and a New Paradigm for Corporate Governance (J.F. Sneirson)

Author

Judd F. Sneirson

Keywords

Sustainability, wealth, future generations

Abstract

This Article relates the concept of sustainability–that society must meet its present needs without infringing on future generations’ ability to do the same–to corporategovernance and seeks to reconcile any conflicts between the two. The largest of these conflicts is the commonly held view that companies must strive to maximize shareholder wealth and thus affirmatively neglect all other constituencies and considerations. The Article debunks this myth, both as a matter of law and as a function of social norms, market influences, and corporate-law theory. The Article then presents a new paradigm for corporate governance wherein companies voluntarily commit themselves to sustainable business practices. One of these new sustainable business models is the “B Corporation” certification that has garnered recent attention in the national business press. A second model hails from Oregon, where a newly enacted corporate-law provision encourages businesses to pledge to act sustainably.

Citation

(2009) 94 Iowa Law Review 987

Paper

Green is Good: Sustainability, Profitability, and a New Paradigm for Corporate Governance

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Environmental disputes and human rights violations… (R.D. Clark)

Author

Richard D. Clark ( John Carroll University , Ohio , USA )

Keywords

Human rights violations; environmental degradation; corporate power

Abstract

As multinational trade has become more prevalent, more governments are being pressured to lower their environmental standards to accommodate the wishes of large international corporations. With large profits at stake, governments and corporations allegedly are colluding to violate the rights of activists who work to protect the natural environment. As reports of detentions, beatings, rapes, and homicides of environmentalists increase, organizations as diverse as the Sierra Club and Amnesty International have banded together to try raise awareness of this issue. They hope to pressure governments and corporations into ensuring that the basic human rights of environmental activists are preserved. Focusing mostly on Central and South America, this paper will discuss the development of human rights, detail the alleged violations suffered by environmental activists, the reasons behind these violations, and document what steps that could be taken to help to ensure that the human rights of environmental activists are protected are discussed. Implications for the social sciences are noted.

Citation

(2009) 12 Contemporary Justice Review 129-146

Paper

Environmental disputes and human rights violations: a role for criminologists

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Distorted agricultural prices cause hunger and resources dilapidation (A.C.A. Pinheiro)

Author

Antonia Cipriano A.Pinheiro ( Universidade de Evora , Portugal )

Keywords

Price distortion, dwindling human and physical resources, farmers, world population, sustainable food supply

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to present facts and arguments trying to prove that price distortion has been the main reason for the dilapidation of human and physical resources all over the world. In some countries, farmers sell their products at prices below their real cost. In these countries, most often, family labour and equipment depreciation are not accounted as real costs. The expected increase in world population will demand for levels of production much higher than those that are been produced. So, if we want to feed the world in a sustainable way, maintaining the production potential of human and natural resources, a new set of trade and rural development policies have to be implemented across the world, based on regional common markets. To promote these policies, regional organisations (that include several countries) and a new international trade organisation must be created

Citation

(2010) 2 International Journal of Sustainable Society 191-204

Paper

Distorted agricultural prices cause hunger and resources dilapidation

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