All posts by Evadne Grant

Environmental Rights in Europe and Beyond (Sanja Bogojevic and Rosemary Rayfuse eds)

Authors

Sanja Bogojevic and Rosemary Rayfuse

Keywords

Environmental Rights; European Union Law

Abstract

The growing awareness of an impending environmental crisis coupled with a series of national and regional environmental disasters led, in the 1960s and 1970s, to the birth of the global environmental movement and the widespread recognition of the need to protect the environment for both current and future generations. Against this backdrop the concept of ‘environmental rights’ surfaced as a means by which claims relating to the environment could be formulated in legal terms and thereby safeguarded. In the decades that followed, this concept has come to encompass many different variations of legal rights, which this book seeks to investigate and assess.

Citation

Sanja Bogojevic and Rosemary Rayfuse, Environmental Rights in Europe and Beyond (Hart Publishing 2018)

Book

Environmental Rights in Europe and Beyond 

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Judicial implementation of rights based approaches to environmental governance: Regional Perspectives (E. Grant)

Author

Evadne Grant

Keywords

Interdependence of human rights and environment, European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), American Convention on Human Rights (ACHR), African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR).

 Abstract

While it is widely accepted that there is a very close connection between human rights and the environment, what exactly the nature of that connection is, is not always clarified. Two fundamental aspects of the relationship are that human rights and the environment are interdependent and that the relationship of interdependence is complex, involving multiple rights of multiple people and often whole communities.  Focusing on the jurisprudence of the three regional human rights tribunals,  this chapter questions whether human rights law as it is currently practiced, adequately recognizes and reflects the interdependence of human rights and the environment and the complexity of that relationship.

Citation

E Grant, ‘Judicial implementation of rights based approaches to environmental governance: Regional perspectives’ in E Daly et al (eds), New Frontiers in Environmental Constitutionalism (UNEP 2017)

Paper

New Frontiers in Environmental Constitutionalism

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Sustainability Unpacked: Food, Energy and Water for Resilient Environments & Societies (K.A. Vogt, et al)

Author(s)

Kristiina A. Vogt,
Toral Patel-Weynand,
Maura Shelton,
Daniel J. Vogt,
John C. Gordon,
Cal Mukumoto,
Asep S. Suntana
Patricia A. Roads

Keywords

Sustainability, Societal and Ecosystem Change, Scientific Approach, Country Resource, Fossil Energy Endowments and Externalities, Forests, Human Societies, Soil and Water Connection to Food, Adaptation, Mitigation, Climate and Soils, Solar Capital, Climate Change, Managing Natural and Human Capital, Sustainable Ecosystems

Abstract

Food, water and energy form some of the basic elements of sustainability considerations. This ground-breaking book examines and decodes these elements, exploring how a range of countries make decisions regarding their energy and bio-resource consumption and procurement. The authors consider how these choices impact not only the societies and environments of those countries, but the world in general.

To achieve this, the authors review the merits of various sustainability and environmental metrics, and then apply these to 34 countries that are ranked low, medium or high on the human development index. The book assesses their resource capacities and the environmental impacts, both within and outside their country boundaries, from consuming food, water, and energy. The final section uses the lessons derived from the earlier analyses of resource consumption to explore the importance of geography, climates and sustainable management of forests and other natural resources for building resilient societies in the future.

Citation

Kristiina A. Vogt, et al, Sustainability Unpacked: Food, Energy and Water for Resilient Environments and Societies (Earthscan, 2010)

Book

Sustainability Unpacked: Food, Energy and Water for Resilient Environments and Societies

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Brewing Justice: Fair Trade Coffee and Sustainability (D. Jaffee)

Author

Daniel Jaffee

Keywords

Fair trade, social justice, small farmers, coffee farmers, social benefits, environmental benefits, economic benefits, international fair trade market, indigenous communities

Abstract

Fair trade is a fast-growing alternative market intended to bring better prices and greater social justice to small farmers around the world. But is it working? This vivid study of coffee farmers in Mexico offers the first thorough investigation of the social, economic, and environmental benefits of fair trade. Based on extensive research in Zapotec indigenous communities in the state of Oaxaca, Brewing Justice follows the members of the cooperative Michiza, whose organic coffee is sold on the international fair trade market. It compares these families to conventional farming families in the same region, who depend on local middlemen and are vulnerable to the fluctuations of the world coffee market. Written in a clear and accessible style, the book carries readers into the lives of these coffee producer households and their communities, offering a nuanced analysis of both the effects of fair trade on everyday life and the limits of its impact. Brewing Justice paints a clear picture of the complex dynamics of the fair trade market and its relationship to the global economy. Drawing on interviews with dozens of fair trade leaders, the book also explores the changing politics of this international movement, including the challenges posed by the entry of transnational corporations into the fair trade system. It concludes by offering recommendations for strengthening and protecting the integrity of fair trade.

Citation

Daniel Jaffee, Brewing Justice: Fair Trade Coffee, Sustainability (University of California, USA 2007)

Book

Brewing Justice: Fair Trade Coffee and Sustainability

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Water and Ethics: Use of Groundwater (R. Llama)

Author

Ramón Llama

Keywords

Sustainability, groundwater

Abstract

This paper discusses the dangers of a simplistic approach to the issue of the sustainability if groundwater use and the need to treat each case as site specific. Criteria are presented for the evaluation of proposed schemes of groundwater use and the ethical implications involved.

Citation

Llama, R., ‘Water and Ethics: Use of Groundwater’ UNESCO International Hydrological Programme Water and Ethics Series (2004)

Paper

Water and Ethics: Use of Groundwater

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