2023 Summer/Winter School – Truly Transformative? Analyzing Indian Judicial Jurisprudence on the Rights of Nature From An Ecological Justice Lens

Date and time: TUESDAY 12 September 2023, 10am-11.30am CEST



Over the last decade, in a catena of cases, the Indian judiciary has recognized rights of the non-human environment. This trend of innovative decision-making which extends rights to non-human environment constitutes ‘transformative governance’. Arguably, considering the sheer volume of such eco-centric judicial decisions in India, the country’s judiciary is spearheading the movement towards transformative, eco-centric governance. In this context, the lecture will critically analyze this transformative, eco-centric jurisprudence using the ecological justice framework.

In terms of the scope of this lecture, it will engage with theories of transformative governance, ecological justice, anthropocentrism, and eco-centrism. Relevant Indian judicial decisions will be discussed and examined using these theories.


Kanika Jamwal Doctoral Candidate, Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore; Assistant Professor, Jindal Global Law School, O.P. Jindal Global University, India (on sabbatical).


Visseren-Hamakers, Ingrid J. et al., ‘Transformative governance of biodiversity: insights for sustainable development’ (2021) 53 Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 20-28.

Washington, Haydn et al., ‘Foregrounding Ecojustice in Conservation’ (2018) 228 Biological Conservation 367-374.

Animal Welfare Board of India v A. Nagaraja & Others, MANU/SC/0426/2014, para 62.

Mohd. Salim v State of Uttarakhand & Others, 2017 SCC OnLine Utt 367, paras 17-19.

Lalit Miglani v State of Uttarakhand & Others, 2017 SCC OnLine Utt 392, paras 50-51, 59-60.