2023 Summer/Winter School – The European Union’s Sustainable Blue Economy and the Challenges of the Ecological and Digital Transition

Date and Time: FRIDAY 15 September 2023, 11am-12.30pm CEST



With the creation of its Integrated Maritime Policy in 2007, the European Union has begun to consider the various economic sectors linked to the seas and oceans as a whole and to speak of the existence of a blue economy encompassing all economic activities related to the seas and oceans.

According to the European Commission, “[i]f the global blue economy was compared to a national economy, it would be the seventh largest in the world, and the ocean as an economic entity would be a member of the G7” (COM(2021) 240 final, p. 1). At present, it is furthermore considered that this blue economy has to be sustainable and has to meet the various challenges of the ecological and digital transition that the European Union has set itself to achieve the goal of climate neutrality by 2050.

Against this background, it is assessed that fishing and tourism are emerging as two of the sectors of the European Union’s blue economy, which are immersed in the process of ecological and digital transformation and represent relevant tools that can guarantee sustainability in the European Union. 


1. “Challenges of the ecological and digital transition for the European Union’s action on the economic blue sectors”. Gabriela A. Oanta, University of A Coruña, Spain. 

2. “Sustainable fisheries as a pillar of the European Union’s blue economy: Challenges and opportunities in the digital and ecological transition”. Annina Bürgin, University of Vigo, Spain.

3. “Ecological and digital transition to achieve sustainable coastal and maritime tourism”. Laura Huici, University of Barcelona, Spain.


Gabriela A. Oanta (Moderator) is an associate professor of public international law and the holder of the Jean Monnet Chair “European Union law of the sea” (SEALAW – Chair) at the University of A Coruña.

Annina Bürgin is lecturer of public international law at the University of Vigo.

Laura Huici is associate professor of public international law at the University of Barcelona.