Tropical deforestation, international agenda, human rights, climate change, forest governance, mitigation of forest-based emissions, procedural rights, Aarhus Convention, justice and equity, risks, trade-offs
Following the decline over the years of interest relating to tropical deforestation, that was highlighted at the Rio Conference in 1992 (UNCEC), in recent years it has seemingly reappeared on the international agenda as has linked overwhelmingly to climate change. The Stern Review (2007) asserted that controlling deforestation was ‘one of the least expensive strategies for reducing emissions’ and subsequently reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) is a focal point of global and national mitigation strategies. Aside from the environmental consequences of deforestation management of tropical forests is relevant to human rights owing, in part, to many of the world’s poorest people being dependent on forests for their survival and livelihoods. Unclear property rights, the absence of public scrutiny and historically repressive state actions are all socio-economic characteristics that contribute to climate change whilst infringing human rights. This article/chapter acts as an overview concerning the interconnection of deforestation, climate change and human rights issues.
Frances Seymour, Human Rights and Climate Change (CUP, Cambride 2010), Ch. 7, 207.