Category Archives: Anthropomorphism

Environmental Justice in the New Millennium (F.C. Steady)

Author

Filomina Chioma Steady

Keywords

Environmental Justice, Cross-Culturally, Gendered Dimensions, Neo-colonialism, Internal Colonialism, Chronic Environmental Injustice, Water, Hazardous Waste, Nuclear Energy, Health, South Africa, Race, Class, Hurricane Katrina, Landowners

Abstract

Environmental Justice is one of the most important human rights challenge today. It combats the targeting people of color and poor people for the burdens of environmental degradation and pollution. Case studies from various parts of the world explore themes that include: historical and theoretical perspectives on Environmental Justice; the persistence of models of domination, exploitation and discrimination; gender implications of environmental degradation; violence and militarization; corporate globalization, climate change and the tragedy of Katrina. The Environmental Justice Movement represents a combination of academic, political, legal and grass-roots activism against environmental and social injustices.

Citation

Filomina Chioma Steady (ed), Environmental Justice in the New Millennium: Global Perspectives on Race, Ethnicity, and Human Rights (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009)

Paper

Environmental Justice in the New Millennium: Global Perspectives on Race, Ethnicity, and Human Rights

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A world view for wild law (C. Tudge)

Author

Colin Tudge

Keywords

Jurisprudence; Economic theory; Environmental law; Ethics; Psychology; Science; Social theory

Abstract

Argues that the introduction of “wildlaw”, law that takes the interests of the environment as its starting point, will be ineffective unless it reflects a paradigmatic shift from regarding the Earth as a resource to seeing it as something that needs to be safeguarded for future generations. Traces the history of rationalist, natural-selection-based scientific thought, noting its links with economic and social theory and various challenges to the certainty of its conclusions. Suggests that wisdom, from a wildlaw perspective, must incorporate elements of intuition, anthropomorphism and ethics.

Citation

(2011) 23(1) Environmental Law & Management 35-39

Blog version

A world view for wild law

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New laws on protecting animals used in scientific experiments (Report)

Keywords

Animal welfare; Animals; Cosmetics; EU law; Ethics; Scientific research

Abstract

Reports on the proposed revision of Directive 86/609 on the protection of animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes. Outlines the key changes proposed, including those on the need to conduct an ethical evaluation, the widening of the scope of the Directive, minimum housing and care requirements, the clarification of the requirements to replace the use of animals by non-animal methods, the establishment of an “Animal welfare body”, and the publication of non-technical summaries by Member States. Comments on the cosmetic testing on animals. Looks at the effect of Regulation 1907/2006 (REACH) and the revision of Directive 98/8 (Biocides Directive).

Citation

(2010) 276 EU Focus 4-5

Report

New laws on protecting animals used in scientific experiments

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The slaughter of animals and Islam (Z. Khayum)

Author

Zulfikar Khayum

Keywords

Animal welfare; Animals; Islamic law; Jurisprudence; Powers rights and duties

Abstract

Discusses the approach of Islam to the status and treatment of animals. Reviews the Islamic distinction between humanity and animals, the grounds for concluding that animals do not possess rights, and the scope of the direct and indirect obligations owed to animals. Examines the position concerning animal labour, vivisection, halal slaughter and ritual killing.

Citation

(2005) 12 UCL Jurisprudence Review 46

Paper

The slaughter of animals and Islam

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Morality and animal experimentation in medical research (Y. Theodorou)

Author

Yiannis Theodorou

Keywords

Science, Animals, Jurisprudence, Medical research, Morals and law, Vivisection

Abstract

Challenges the arguments of Peter Singer for a total ban on animal experiments, and suggests why a limited use of animals in medical research is morally acceptable. Criticises key elements of Singer’s stance, sets out the morally relevant attributes which distinguish humans from other species and considers the factors which give intrinsic value to any human life despite its physical condition. Discusses when animal experiments should be permissible, the current legal position in the UK , the arguments for and against such experimentation, and how such experiments may be minimised.

Citation

(2005) 12 UCL Jurisprudence Review 63-79

Paper

Morality and animal experimentation in medical research

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