Interdependence of human rights and environment, European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), American Convention on Human Rights (ACHR), African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR).
While it is widely accepted that there is a very close connection between human rights and the environment, what exactly the nature of that connection is, is not always clarified. Two fundamental aspects of the relationship are that human rights and the environment are interdependent and that the relationship of interdependence is complex, involving multiple rights of multiple people and often whole communities. Focusing on the jurisprudence of the three regional human rights tribunals, this chapter questions whether human rights law as it is currently practiced, adequately recognizes and reflects the interdependence of human rights and the environment and the complexity of that relationship.
E Grant, ‘Judicial implementation of rights based approaches to environmental governance: Regional perspectives’ in E Daly et al (eds), New Frontiers in Environmental Constitutionalism (UNEP 2017)